Kid Facts About Moon

“I See the Moon and the Moon sees me!” (song)

The Earth moves around the sun and the moon moves around the earth. This movement is called an orbit.  The Moon orbits the Earth every 27.3 days.


It is the fifth largest ‘moon’ in the solar system.  Some planets have different sized and number of moons.  Earth just has one natural satellite – that orbits it and it is the Moon.

How Far Away is the Moon from Earth?

  • Yes, humans have reached the moon.  The average distance from the Moon to the Earth is 384403 kilometres (238857 miles).  The first human to set foot on the moon was American astronaut, Neil Armstrong in 1969.  He flew in NASA  Apollo 11 spacecraft.  Gravity on the moon is only about 17% of earth.  This would answer why Neil Armstrong and his fellow astronauts were able to bounce around.  Earth’s gravity keeps our feet on the ground.

Apollo 11’s mission was to land two men on the moon. They also had to come back to Earth safely. Apollo 11 blasted off on July 16, 1969. Neil Armstrong, Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin and Michael Collins were the astronauts on Apollo

Neil Armstrong
Neil and Buzz
Michael Collins stayed in the space capsule and did not walk on the moon

-How to Describe the Moon

Neil Armstrong would have seen first hand that the Moon had craters.

The surface of the Moon features a huge number of impact craters from comets and asteroids that have collided with the surface over time. Because the Moon lacks an atmosphere or weather these craters remain well preserved.  There is a mountain on the moon that is half the height of Mt. Everest (8848m).  It is called Mons Huygens and it stand at around 4,700 metres tall.

How Hot or Cold is the Moon?

During the day the average surface temperature is around 107 Celsius.  At night, it would be easy for humans to freeze to death.  The night temperature is about minus 153 Celsius (-153 C).  Most scientists think that the Moon has small amounts of water.

What is a Lunar Eclipse?

This occurs when the Earth is BETWEEN the sun and the Moon. During a lunar eclipse, the Earth’s shadow can be seen on the moon’s surface.

Now, enjoy “The Moon” by Robert Louis Stevenson.  He wrote “Treasure Island,”  “Kidnapped” and “Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.”

The Moon :

The moon has a face like the clock in the hall; 

She shines on thieves on the garden wall, 

On streets and fields and harbour quays, 

And birdies asleep in the forks of the trees. 

The squalling cat and the squeaking mouse, 

The howling dog by the door of the house, 

The bat that lies in bed at noon, 

All love to be out by the light of the moon. 

But all of the things that belong to the day 

Cuddle to sleep to be out of her way; 

And flowers and children close their eyes 

Till up in the morning the sun shall rise. 

Robert Louis Stevenson.